A session of general assembly; A second expedition to Canada; Meeting of a
new assembly; They quarrel; Some members designedly absent themselves;
Expelled the house; Several of them again returned, and refused seats; A
fruitful session at Crosswscks; Last session in Hunter's time; An act
passed for running the division line between East and West-Jersey; William
Burnet arrives governor; An uncommon wet harvest; Governor Burnet meets a
Governor Hunter, convened the assembly in the summer, 1711, and, opened
business, with telling them, That her majesty's instructions which he was
commanded to communicate, would discover the reason of his calling them
together, at this time; and that he doubted not the matters therein
contained, would be agreeable to them, and the success profitable.
That the fleet and forces destined for the reduction of Canada, were
arrived in good health and condition, and would proceed in a little time;
that what was required on their parts, was the levying in each division
180 effective private men, besides officers, and to provide for their
encouragement, pay, and provisions, as well as transportation over the
lakes, and other incidental charges attending the service.
The assembly resolved to encourage this expedition, by raising to the value
of 12,500 ounces of plate, in bills of credit,1 to be sunk, together with
the former £.3000, by a subsequent tax; and provided bills for raising
volunteers to go on the expedition, and for emitting the money.
The governor passed the bills, and dismissed them with thanks, for the
chearful dispatch they had given.
This was a second expedition against Canada, and made a formidable
appearance: Nicholson's designs having hitherto, by various
disappointments, failed; he now, under the scheme of reducing all Canada,
and thereby engrossing the cod fishery, so prevailed on the new ministry,
that the regiments of Kirk, Hill, Windress, Clayton, and Kaine, from
Flanders; Seymours, Disney's and a battalion of marines from England,
under the command of brigadier Hill, were sent to him, on this occasion;
they came in 40 transports, under convoy of 12 ships of the line of
battle, commanded by admiral Walker; several frigates, two bomb vessels;
and brought a large train of artillery, under Col. King, with forty
horses, and six store ships; they arrived at Boston early in the summer.
By orders from home, a congress was held at New-London, of all the
plantation governors, north of Pennsylvania, with Nicholson, to adjust the
measures to be fallen upon: Two regiments from the Massachusetts,
Rhode-Island, and New-Hampshire, joined the British forces; while the
militia from Connecticut, New-York, and New-Jersey, with the Indians of
the five nations, under Nicholson, marched by land from Albany, to attack
Montreal: The fleet being retarded at Boston for want of provisions,
occasioned admiral Walker, in a letter to governor Dudley of Boston, to
write, "I concur with the opinion of all the sea and land officers here,
that the government of this colony have prejudiced the present expedition,
instead of assisting it." The fleet consisting of 68 vessels, and 6463
troops; anchored in the bay of Gaspee, on the south side of the entrance
of the river St. Lawrence, to take in wood and water, on the 18th of the
month called August, and the 23d in the night, contrary to the advice of
the pilots, weighed anchor in a fog, fell in with the north shore, and
lost 8 transports and 884 men upon the island of Eggs: A council of war
was called, who resolved, that by reason of the ignorance of the pilots,
it was impracticable to proceed, and that advice should be sent to recall
general Nicholson from proceeding to Montreal; which done, and the fleet
Fleet returning, anchored in Spanish River, off Cape Breton, September 4;
and there, in a council of war it was resolved, not to attempt any thing
against Placentia, but to return to Great-Britain: They sailed for England
September 16, and arrived at St. Helens the 16th of October: The Edgar,
with the admiral's papers, was blown up: This prevented other particulars
of the expedition transpiring; thus concluded, at a great expence of men
and treasure, an affair above three years in agitation.
In 1712 died Thomas Gardiner, of Burlington, several times mentioned
before; he was well acquainted with publick business, a good surveyor, and
useful member of society; several years one of the council, treasurer of
the western division, and the first speaker of assembly after the union of
the governments, East and West Jersey.
The 7th of December, 1713, the governor called the assembly, and next day
informed them, that he was glad to see them after so long absence, and
believed they were not sorry to meet him in so good company;2 that the
tender regard her majesty had to their quiet, in particular at a time when
she had blessed the world with a general peace, called for their pious
endeavours and could not fail of meeting the returns due from the most
grateful people, to the best and most indulgent princes; that he was
persuaded the efforts of such as had been removed from places of trust by
the queen, at their request, would be too impotent to destroy the peace,
by breaking that mutual confidence, or disturbing that harmony, that then
subsisted between the several branches of the legislature; that full of
this confidence, he recommended to their immediate care, the providing for
past arrears, and future support of her majesty's government, the
discountenancing vice and immorality, the improvement of trade and
encouragement for planting and peopling the province; that this could not
be better effected than by a law to affirm and ascertain the respective
properties of the proprietors and people, if they thought it practicable.
That the gentlemen of the present council, having no views or interests
differing from theirs, if they would agree to frequent and amicable
conferences with them, or a number of them, upon all matters under
deliberation, it would save much time and effectually disappoint all
contrivances of their enemies; "who in return for their being at present
no councellors, had ridiculously endeavoured to persuade some that they
were no assembly."
The assembly replied, That they were indeed glad to meet him in such good
company, and as the persons who had hitherto obstructed the welfare of
their country, were removed, they presumd on the favour oftener than
heretofore; they acknowledged themselves under the greatest obligations to
the best of queens, and hoped their actions would demonstrate they were
Among other bills passed this session, was that entitiled, "An act that the
solemn affirmation and declaration of the people called quakers, shall be
accepted instead of an oath in the usual form, and for qualifying and
enabling the said people to serve as jurors, and to execute any office or
place of trust or profit within this province."
This bill was introduced by the governor's communicating to the house the
queen's instructions on that head, after it was fully adjusted by the
council and assembly; the second enacting clause was thought to be
designedly left out by the secretary, who had it to engross, it so passed
the council without being perceivd; but on reading it again in the
assembly it was discovered, and the secretary making his acknowledgement
at the bar of the house, it passed over: This act continued 'till the year
1732, and then was supplied by that now in force.
Other laws also passed; this session concluded to mutual satisfaction.
"I thank you, says the governor in his concluding speech to the house, for
what has been done this sessions for the support of this her majesty's
government, and do not doubt, but that you will receive ample thanks from
those who sent you, for the many good laws that have been passed; some
things that in their nature were acts of favour, I have agreed that they
should be made acts of assembly, that your share may be greater in the
grateful acknowledgment of your country.
"I hope my conduct has convinced the world, (I cannot suppose you want any
further conviction) that I have no other view than the peace and
prosperity of this province; if such a few as are enemies to both, are
not to be reduced by reason, I shall take the next best and most effectual
measure to do it."
No historical occurrences intervening, we pass on to the year 1716.
Governor Hunter met a new assembly at Perth-Amboy, in the spring, who
chose Col. Daniel Coxe, speaker;3 being presented and accepted, the
governor by speech informed them, "That the dissolution of one assembly by
the demise of the late queen, of another by the arrival of a new patent
from the present king, constituting him governor of the province, and of a
third by reason of a circumstance well known, together with the long
sessions at York, and his necessary attendance on the service of the
frontiers, had been the occasion of putting off their meeting 'till now;
that on his part he brought with him a firm purpose for the advantage of
the subject and service of the crown; which, (says he) I have ever
pursued, and now bid a fair defiance to the most malicious to assign one
single instance in which I have acted counter to what I now profess,
notwithstanding the false and groundless accusations and insinuations to
the contrary, from two persons on the other side, who pretended to have
been instructed from this; which though they met with that contempt at
home they deserved, I could not without injustice to myself let pass
unmentioned here." The assembly being now conven'd at Amboy, when it ought
in turn to have been at Burlington, were determined to remonstrate against
the infringement of the usual custom of alternately meeting at each of
those places, and accordingly represented to the governor, that in the
year 1709, an act was passed, entitled, An act for ascertaining the place
of the sitting of the representatives, to meet in general assembly; that
in March, 1710, the aforesaid act was confirmed, finally enacted and
ratified by her late majesty, with the advice of her privy council, and
transmitted to him (the governor) by the lords commissioners for trade and
plantations, the 16th of said month.
That as they found themselves entirely inclinable to pay all due regard and
obedience to his majesty's and the governor's commands, so they could not
but think it their duty to maintain the known establish'd laws of the
province. And as that law had the royal sanction, and had gone through all
the usual forms both here and in Great-Britain, necessary to the
confirming and perpetuating of it, they were of opinion it was still in
The governor replied, That his majesty's instructions, which were laws to
him, having restored that affair to the just and equal footing upon which
it was put by, and at the time of the surrender of the governxnent by the
proprietors, he could not give his consent to any alteration, or give way
to anything that might elude the intent and purpose of that instruction
without giving juster grounds of complaint against him, than he had
hitherto given; and that he had reasons of great weight, made it
impracticable for him to hold either council or assembly at Burlington,
at this time.
The dispute being principally founded on the new commission to the
governor, upon the accession of K. George the first to the throne; the
assembly thought proper to let it drop, and pursue what was before them at
the place where they were then conven'd; matters however went heavily on;
the speaker disliked the governor, and influenced many of the members: The
governor saw there was no prospect of their answering the design of their
meeting at that time, so prorogued them.
He summoned them to meet again at Amboy on 14th of May, when only nine
members appearing they waited five days, and then presented an address,
requesting the governor would take such methods as he should see meet, to
cause the absent members to attend the service; he sent warrants to
several of them, commanding their attendance, as they would answer the
contrary at their peril; four presently appeared, and there being now
thirteen met, the governor sent for them, and recommended their meeting at
the house and choosing a speaker, (for their speaker was absent among the
rest) in order to enable themselves to send their serjeant at arms for
those that were still absent.
The thirteen met the 21st, but the speaker still absent; they proceeded to
a new choice, and placed John Kinsey in the chair.
This done, and the new speaker presented, the governor delivered his
"The last time you were here upon the like occasion, I told you, that I
thought fit to approve of whatever choice you thought fit to make of a
speaker: I now tell you that I heartily approve of the worthy choice you
"As the conduct of that gentleman who last filled the chair, sufficiently
convinced you of a combination between him and his associates, to defeat
all the purposes of your present meeting: I hope, and can not doubt but it
will open the eyes of all such as by his and their evil acts, and
sinistrous practices, have been misled and imposed upon; so that for the
future, here they will not find it so easy a matter to disturb the peace
of the country.
"I must refer you to what I said at the opening of the assembly; but
harvest drawing near, I am afraid youll hardly have time for more business
than what is absolutely and immediately requisite; that is the support of
the government, and the publick credit, you know that the date of the
currency of your bills of credit is near expiring, so there will be
wanting a new law to remedy the evil that must attend the leaving the
country without a currency for ordinary uses, as well as trade.
The house then examined into the conduct of their late speaker, and the
absent members, who on the question, were all at different times severally
expelled, for contempt of authority and neglect of the service of their
country, and writs issued for new elections.
The 8th of next month soon after the speaker's exclusion, but before the
other members were expelled, the assembly presented their address as
"May it please your excellency,
"Your administration has been a continued series of justice and
moderation, and from your past conduct we dare assure ourselves of a
continuation of it, and we will not be wanting in our endeavours to make
suitable returns, both in providing a handsome support of the government,
and of such a continuance as may demonstrate to you and the world, the
sense we have of our duty and your worth.
"The gentleman, our late speaker, has added this one instance of folly to
his past demeanour, to convince us and the world, that in all stations,
whether of a counsellor, a private man, or a representative, his study has
been to disturb the quiet and tranquility of this province, and act in
contempt of laws and government; we are sensible of the effects it has
had, and may have on the publick peace; and our expulsion of him, we hope
evinces that we are not the partisans of his heat and disaffection to the
present government; we are very sorry he has been capable to influence so
many into a combination with him, to make effectual his ill purposes; but
we hope it is rather the effect of weakness than malice, and that their
eyes are now so much opened that they'l return to their duty, and join
with us in providing for the publick credit, and whatever else may make
this province happy, and your excellency easy."
Next the assembly resolved, "That the late members whom they had expelled,
should not sit as members of the house if they should be returned on a new
election, during this sessions of assembly." Notwithstanding this resolve,
several of the same members were returned; but refused seats in the house
and the electors obliged to choose over again.
The governor then prorogued them to the 3d of October. In November the
same house met at Croswicks,4 the small-pox being at Burlington; the
governor opened the business of this session by telling them, That
supporting government and publick credit, required their immediate
deliberation; that they knew the funds for the first had expired fifteen
months ago, and that the other had suffered much by the obstinacy of some
in refusing the payment of taxes, or remisness in others in collecting or
putting the laws in excution, sufficient (if duly executed) to have
answered the end, and in a great measure prevented or remedied that evil;
that he doubted not they were now met with a good disposition, as well as
in full freedom, all clogs and bars being removed, to pursue to effect the
good ends of their meeting, and to make good their engagements and
promises in several addresses; that the true interest of the people and
government were the same; to wit, a government of laws, that no other
deserved the name; that this was never separated or separable but in
imagination by men of craft, such as were either abettors of lawless power
on the one hand, or confusion and anarchy on the other; that the first was
not the case of this province, and we had well grounded hopes, that all
endeavours towards the latter were ceased.
This session proved long and fruitful: It held above two months; sixteen
publick and private bills received the governors assent.
In 1718 died Samuel Smith one of the members of assembly for Burlington;
he had sought happiness in the quiets of obscurity, but being against his
inclination called to this and other publick stations, he passed thro'
them with a clear reputation: In private life he was inoffensive,
benevolent, steady and respected.5
This year was remarkable for an uncommon storm of hail: It fell larger than
had been remembered before in the provinces, it killed many wild pigeons,
and other birds, and did considerable damage.
In the beginning of summer 1742, another happened with a strong gust of
wind, accompanied with some rain and hail of very uncommon bigness; in one
house it was said to have struck 28 holes through the roof; the damage to
the grain in some places was so great, that the farmers began to forbear
selling their last year's stock, lest they should want bread; at Amwell, a
boy was said to be killd, and others very much hurt.
Such another happened in the spring 1758: It came from the north, the hail
in large stones continued for 8 or 10 minutes, and abated gradually; it
drifted in some places 6 inches think, it went in a vein (as it commonly
does) about a mile and a half broad: The destruction of green corn and
gardens were great, and the trees had their young leaves shattered to
In the spring governor Hunter again met the assembly at Perth-Amboy; but at
the desire of the members, their private affairs interfering, they were
adjourn'd to the winter, when meeting he made a speech, setting forth:
That the revenue was sometime since, expired; that when this came under
consideration, he desired an augmentation of the officers salaries; that
in former acts they were so scanty and so retrench'd from what they had
been, that the officers were not enabled to perform their respective
duties; that the assembly of New-York, had passed an act for running the
division line, betwixt this province; and that upon supposition, that
another for the same purpose would be passed here; that the justice due to
the proprietors and the disturbances among the people, made such a law
immediately necessary; that he had formerly recommended their providing
for an agent at the court of Great Britain, and now repeated it; that the
lords commissioners for taade, had in several of their letters complained
of the want of one; that this was the only province in his majesty's
dominions, that had none; that by means of this omission their business in
England stood still; that what could not be delayed without danger or loss
to the publick, since his administration had been negotiated by persons
employed by him, at his own very great expence, which he hoped they would
consider; that as to projects of trade, he had no reason to change his
opinion since they last met; that to this subject he referred them on
what he them spoke.6
The assembly said in their address, That they were not insensible the
present circumstances of the government as well as of the country, made
their meeting necessary, notwithstanding the rigour of the season; that
they were not unmindful that the revenue was expired, nor of their duty in
a reasonable support; that they were willing to pass an act for running
the division line betwixt this province and New York; but conceived the
expence of that affair belonged to the proprietors of the contested lands;
that they were very sensible an agent for the province at the court of
Great Britain, was very necessary, but were sorry the circumstances of
the province, were such, that they could not make a suitable provision for
so useful an officer; and that they would readily come into any measures
that might be effectual to promote the trade and prosperity of the
This session produced eleven publick and private bills, among them was one
for running and ascertaining the division line betwixt New-Jersey and New-
York; but this act was never put in execution further than fixing the
north partition point; this was done by indenture made the 25th of July
1719, between R. Walter, Isaac Hicks and Allane Jarrat, surveyor general,
on the part of New-York; John Johnston and George Willocks, on behalf of
East-Jersey; Joseph Kirkbride and John Reading, on behalf of West-Jersey,
and James Alexander, surveyor general, on behalf of both East and West-
Jersey; these commissioners and surveyors duly authorized, met at the
place, and after many observations of the latitude, unanimously by the
deed aforesaid, fixed the north partition point on the nothermost branch
of Delaware; which they found to be that branch called the Fish-Kill: This
done, the commissioners for West-Jersey thought they were not further
concerned; the others, though both greatly interested in having it settled,
left it an uncertainty 'till 1764, when by acts of assembly of both
colonies, it was referred to be finally settled and determined by
commissioners to be appointed by the crown.
Another act passd now, was that for running and ascertaining the line of
division between East and West Jersey,7 the conditions here not hitherto
complied with, this line remains in the same uncertainty the act left it;
still a subject of inconvenience and anxiety to many, and seems to call
for exertion in those with whom the powers to settle it, are properly
The beginning of the summer this year afforded a fair prospect of a
plentiful harvest, much was expected from a great crop in the ground; a
day or two in the beginning proved good weather, but before the grain was
secured, showers of rain and a few hours sunshine constantly succeeded
each other; clouds at first small in appearance, spread widely and filled
the furrows: the intervals of sunshine encouraged opening the shocks, but
were not long enough to dry them; after several weeks came two days and a
half fair weather; what could be dried and sav'd was now done, the rain
then began again, and continued day after day as before, alternate rain
and sunshine for near three weeks, so that single ears of corn standing,
grew; thus it continued 'till the grain was generally reaped, several lost
their corn entirely, others saved but little; this was what is called the
We are now come to the end of governor Hunter's administration, he resigned
in favour of William Burnet (son of the celebrated bishop) and returned to
England; he had a ready art at procuring money, few loved it more; this
foible 'tis said drew him into schemes, gaming, and considerable losses;
tho' not in all respects accomplished: His address here was engaging and
successful, he assented to most of the laws the people wanted, and fill'd
the offices with men of character. He had before, so early as the year
1705, been appointed lieutenant governor of Virginia, under George earl of
Orkney, and was on his voyage thither taken prisoner to France.
The assembly at the sessions last mentioned, fixed for salary and
incidental charges 6001. per annum, for two years this had been the
accustomed support, since the surrender, except once in lord Corubury's
time, 5001. was provided in the succeeding administrations, 'till Lewis
Morris, came governor of New-Jersey, separate of New-York; when it was
augmented to 10001. per annum, and 601. house rent, with 5001. addition
the first year, for expences attending his voyage, &c.
Governor Burnet 8 met the assembly soon after his arrival, but little
business was then thought necessary, nor did they very well agree; that
house had been continued a long time, and were now dissolved, and writs
issued for a new election.
The members returned, were convened early in the 1721; they chose Dr. John
The governor's speech:
"The choice which the country has made of you to represent them, gives me
a happy opportunity of knowing their sentiments; now when they have been
fully informed of mine in the most publick manner, I have no reason to
doubt, that after so much time given them to weigh and consider every
particular, you bring along with you their hearty resolutions to support
his majesty's government, in such an ample and honourable manner as will
become you to offer, and me to accept; and in doing this, I must recommend
to you, not to think of me,10 so much as of the inferior officers of this
government, who want your care more, and whose salary have hitherto
amounted to a very small share of the publick expence. I cannot neglect
this occasion of congratulating you upon the treasures lately discovered
in the bowels of the earth, which cannot fail of circulating for the
general good, the increase of trade, and the raising the value of estates;
and now you are just beginning to taste of new blessings, I cannot but
remind you of those which you have so long enjoyed and without which all
other advantages would but have encreased your sufferings, under a Popish
king, and a French government.
"You can ascribe your deliverance from these, to nothing but the glorious
revolution, begun by king William the third, of immortal memory, and
compleated by the happy accession of his present majesty king George, to
the throne of Great-Britain, and his entire success against his rebellious
subjects at home, and all his enemies abroad.
"To this remarkable deliverance,by an over-ruling hand of providence, you
owe the preservation of your laws and liberties, the secure enjoyment of
your property, and a free exercise of religion, according to the dictates
of your conscience: These invaluable blessings are so visible among us,
and the misery of countries where tyranny and persecution prevail, so well
known, that I need not mention them, to raise in your minds the highest
sense of your obligations to serve God, to honour the king, and love your
The assembly's address:
"May it please your excellency:
"We gladly embrace this opportunity, to assure your excellency, that our
sentiments and those we represent, are one and the same, chearfully to
demonstrate our loyalty to our sovereign king George, and submission to
his substitute, and readiness to support his government over us in all its
branches, in the most honourable manner the circumstances of this province
will allow; which we hope your excellency will accept of; tho' it fall
short of what the dignity of his majesty's governor and the inferior
officers of the government might expect, were the province in a more
"We thankfully acknowledge your excellency's congratulation, and doubt not
when the imaginary treasures (except Mr. Schuyler's) becomes real, the
country will not be wanting in their duty to his majesty in making your
excellency, and the officers of the government partakers of the advantage.
"We doubt not but your excellency will extend your goodness to countenance
any proposal that may tend to the publick utility.
"We hope your excellency will excuse us in falling short of words, to
express our thankful acknowledgements to God Almighty and those under him,
who have been instruments in working deliverance to that glorious nation
to which we belong, from popery, tyranny and arbitrary power, wishing it
may always be supplied with great and good men, that will endeavour their
utmost to maintain his majesty's royal authority, and assert and defend
the laws, liberties and properties of the people, against all foreign and
"We beg your excellency to believe the sincerity of our thoughts, that
there are none of his majesty's subjects that entertains hearts more loyal
and affectionate, and desire more to testify their duty, gratitude and
obedience to their sovereign king George, his issue, and magistrates in
their respective degrees, than doth the representatives of his majesty's
province of New-Jersey.
"JOHN JOHNSTON, speaker."
Sundry bills were prepared this sessions, among these, one had a title too
singular to be omitted, An act against denying the divinity of our saviour
Jesus Christ, the doctrine of the blessed trinity, the truth of the holy
scriptures, and spreading atheistical books: Assemblies in the colonies
have rarely troubled themselves with these subjects, perhaps never before
or since; it probably arose from the governor's motion, who had a turn
that way, and had himself wrote a book to unfold some part of the
apocalipse; the bill was however rejected on the second reading in the
assembly: The sessions continued near two months, the support was settled
5001. a year, for five years; the governor after passing that, and several
other bills, dismissed the house with the following speech:
"I have so many reasons to thank you for your proceedings in this affair,
that should I mention them at all, time would not suffice me; two I cannot
but acknowledge in a most particular manner; the acts for the chearful and
honourable support, and for the security of his majesty's government in
"I cannot but say, that I look upon the latter as the noblest present of
the two; as I think honour always more than riches: The world will now see
the true cause of our misunderstandings in the last assembly, and that we
met in the innocency and simplicity of our hearts: that the enemy had sown
such seeds of dissention among us, that defeated all our good purposes,
and made us part with a wrong notion of one another.
"It has pleased God now to discover the truth, and no man in his sober
senses can doubt that the hand of Joab was then busy, as it is now certain
that it has at this time. It is a peculiar honour to me to be thus
justified in all my conduct by the publick act of the whole legislature;
and God knows my heart, that I am not fond of power, that I abhor all
thoughts of revenge, and that I study to keep a conscience void of
offence towards God and towards man.
"After the publication of the acts, I desire you to return to your house,
and after having entered this speech in your minutes, to adjourn
yourselves, to the first day of October next; that tho' it is not probable
we should meet so soon, it may not be out of our power if occasion should
"May 5, 1722."
Governor Burnet, after this, continued to preside over New-York and
New-Jersey, 'till 1727; when he was removed to Boston, and succeeded by
John Montgomerie, Esq; he continued 'till his death, which happened in the
summer 1731: To him succeeded William Cosby, Esq; he continued 'till his
death in 1736: The government here then devolved on the president of the
council, John Anderson, Esq; he died about two weeks afterwards, and was
succeeded by John Hamilton, Esq; (son of Andrew Hamilton, governor in the
proprietors time) he governed near two years. In the summer, 1738, a
commission arrived to Lewis Morris, Esq; as governor of New-Jersey,
separate from New-York; he continued 'till his death in the spring 1746;
he was succeeded by president Hamilton; he dying, it devolved upon John
Reading, Esq; as the next eldest councellor; he exercised the office 'till
the summer 1747, when Jonathan Belcher, Esq; arrived; he died in the
summer 1757, and was succeeded by John Reading, Esq; president. Francis
Bernard, Esq; arrived governor 1758; was removed to Boston, and succeeded
here by Thomas Boone, Esq; in 1760; he was removed to South-Carolina, and
succeeded here by Josiah Hardy, Esq; in 1761; he was removed, and
afterwards appointed consul at Cadiz, &c. and succeeded here in the spring
1763, by the present governor, William Franklin, Esq.
1 Equal to £.5000 currency, at that time.
2 Meaning the change of councellors, William Pinhorne, Daniel Coxe, Peter
Sonmans and William Hall, had been suspended, and a mandamus since
arrived, appointing John Anderson, Elisha Parker, Thomas Byerly, John
Hamilton, and John Reading.
3 The members:
Town of Burlington: Daniel Smith, Samuel Smith.
County of Burlington: Jacob Doughty, Jacob Hewlings.
Gloucester: Colonel Daniel Coxe, Richard Bull.
Town of Salem: William Hail, Henry Joyce.
County of Salem: William Clews, Dickinson Shephard.
Cape May: Jacob Spicer, Jeremiah Bass.
Perth-Amboy: William Eirs, John Harrison.
Middlesex: John Kinsey, Charles Morgan.
Essex: Josiah Ogden, Joseph Bonnell.
Bergan: David Akernian, Henry Brockholst.
Monmouth: Elisha Lawrence, William Lawrence.
Somerset: Benjamin Clark, Thomlas Hall.
4 The true Indian name of this place is supposed to be Clossweeksung, a
5 He with five of his brothers, John, Daniel, Joseph, Emanuel and Richard,
and one sister, removed from near Bramham, in Yorkshire, at different
times; but mostly in and about the year 1691. Daniel served the publick
several years faithfully in assembly, and died in 1742. Richard was 12
years one of the council, and died the latter end of 1750.
6 The paragraph was as followeth:
"As for the measures of advancing or rather for giving a being to trade
amongst you, the generality of you has shewn such aversion to solid ones;
and others such a fondness for imaginary or ruinous ones, that without a
virtue and resolution of serving those you represent against their
inclination, your endeavours will be to little purpose; but if any thing
of that nature fall under deliberation, I cannot think of a better guide,
than a just inspection into the trade in other provinces, where it is in a
good and flourishing condition, the means by which it became so, can be no
mystery; where it is otherwise, or has decayed, you will find the true
cause of such decay conspicuous: And it is but a rational conclusion, that
what has form'd trade or that on which it depends, credit in one place
cannot but be the most proper means either to begin it or preserve it in
7 Vid. Laws of the province, vol.1, p. 63, &c.
8 The members of council in his instructions were: Lewis Morris, Thomas
Gordon, John Anderson, John Hamilton, Thomas Byerly, David Lyell, John
Parker, John Wills, John Hugg, John Johnston, Jun., John Reading, Peter
9 The members of this house were:
Town of Perth-Amboy: John Johnston, Andrew Redford.
County of Middlesex: John Kinsey, Moses Rolph.
Somerset: Robert Lettis Hooper, Thomas Leonard.
Essex: Josiah Ogden, Joseph Bonnel.
Bergen: William Provost, Isaac Vangezon.
Monmouth: William Lawrence, Garrat Schank.
Town of Burlington: John Allen, Jonathan Wright.
County of Burlington: William Trent, Thomas Lambert.
Gloucester: Samuel Cole, John Mickell.
Town of Salem: John Mason, Thomas Mason.
County of Salem: Isaac Sharp, Bartholomew Wyatt.
Cape May: Humphrey Hughes, Nathaniel Jenkins.
10 Whether an alteration in sentiment, or instructions, or both was the
cause, must be left to conjecture; but while governor of the Massachusetts
Bay, his conduct was different; there he insisted for several years with
the greatest firmness on an indefinite support, and pursued it through the
plantation board, privy council and to the parliament, where his death
prevented its coming to a conclusion.